WW2 and History CollectionWeapons and Equipment / Ships / Country UUnited States / Supply Ships / Jupiter-class Colliers / USS Jupiter (AC 3)

May 10th, 2016

United States of America

USS Jupiter (AC 3)

Technical Details:
Jupiter-class Colliers
United States
U.S. Navy
Mare Island Naval Shipyard
Laid down:
October 18th, 1911
August 14th, 1912
April 7th, 1913
Refitted USS Langley (CV 1),
March 20th, 1922

The USS Jupiter was commissioned as a collier on April 7th, 1913. The ship was one of the Jupiter-class colliers. On March 24th, 1920 the ship was decommissioned. Ater being refitted as an aircraf carries, the ship was recommissioned on March 20th, 1922 as the USS Langley (CV 1), the U.S. Navy's first Aircraft Carrier.

USS Jupiter, October 16th, 1913
Mare Island Navy Yard July 18th/31st, 1913

USS Jupiter's keel was laid down on October 18th, 1911 at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California in the presence of then President William H. Taft. On August 14th, 1912 the ship was launched and she was commissioned  on April 7th, 1913 under the command of Commander Joseph M. Reeves. The ship was a so-called collier of the Proteus-class, fitted for the transport of coal.

After her trials, the ship was sent to San Francisco to embrak a United States Marine Corps detachment, bound for the Pacific Fleet at Mazatlan, Mexico, where she arrived on April 27th, 1914. Here she participated in the Veracruz Crisis and remained in the area until October 10th, 1914, departing for Philadelphia. USS Jupiter in this was the first ship to pass the Panama Canal from West to East.

The ship was attached to the Atlantic Fleet Auxiliary Division, cruising the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. On April 6th, 1917, USS Jupiter was attached to the Naval Overseas Transport Service in Norfolk, Virginia. The ship participated in two cargo convoys to France in June 1917 and November 1918. During the first voyage the ship transported the first US aviation detachment to arrive in Europe. This unit was under command of Lieutenant Kenneth Whiting, who would return to the ship as its Executive Officer, after it was converted to the aircraft carrier USS Langley (CV 1). On January 23rd, 1919, USS Jupiter returned in Norfolk and again sailed for Europe on March 8th, 1919 for coaling duties in Europe. August 17th, 1918, she returned to Norfolk once again, sailing along the West coast.

On July 11th, 1919, USS Jupiter was designated to become an aircraft carrier and left for Hampton Roads, Virginia on December 12th, 1919. Here the ship was decommissiones on March 24th, 1920. The conversion took place at the Navy Yard in Norfolk, Virginia. She was renamed to USS Langley on April 11th, 1920, in honor for Samuel Pierpont Langley, an American astronomer, physicist, aeronautics pioneer and aircraft engineer. On March 20th, 1922, the ship was recommissioned as USS Langley (CV 1).

For her service USS Jupiter was awarded the:

Mexican Service Streamer

World War One Victory Streamer, with "TRANSPORT" clasp

Commanding Officers:
Commander Joseph M. Reeves
(November 20th, 1872 – March 25th, 1948)

April 7th, 1913
(Image: Admiral Reeves, US Navy Photo)
Captain Samuel Shelburne Robison

April 1914 - August 8th, 1914
(Image: Rear-Admiral Robison, US Navy Photo)

USS Jupiter, Mare Island, January 1st, 1913
USS Jupiter, Mare Island, December 3rd, 1912

Subordinated to:

April 27th, 1914:
Pacific Fleet
October 10th, 1914:
Auxiliary Division, Atlantic Fleet
April 6th, 1917:
Naval Overseas Transport Service

USS Jupiter, just before her decommission

USS Jupiter during her conversion to the Aircraft Carrier USS Langley, Norfolk Navy Ship Yard, 1921
Technical details

USS Jupiter
United States
Jupiter-class Colliers
U.S. Navy
19.316 BRT (Standard)
Mare Island Naval Shipyard
Length: 165,20 m
Beam: 19,90 m
Draft: 8,40 m
General Electric turbo-electric transmission 7.200 hp
Shafts: 2
15,5 knots
6.500 km (10 knots)
4 × 102 mm/50 cal guns

Text: Wilco Vermeer
USS Langley/Wikipedia (Retrieved, January 30th, 2015)
- Naval History and Heritage Command (Retrieved January 30th, 2015)
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